Islamist militants led by the Islamic State (IS) organisation continue to battle with the federal and Kurdish security forces in several parts of the central and northern region.
International air strikes also continue to target the group, especially in parts of Ninawa, Ta'mim and Anbar provinces, although strikes also continue to take place sporadically elsewhere in the country.
The strikes appear to have bolstered the efforts of the security forces on the ground, with territorial gains reportedly made around Zumar (Ninawa province) and Jurf as-Sakhr (Babil province) last week. Nonetheless, these gains could be lost once again in future fighting.
Terrorist attacks should also be anticipated around Ashura (around 3 November) as Shi'ah pilgrims will gather at mosques and shrines. Babil province has previously been a major flashpoint during the period.
Last week a total of 34 non-suicide bomb attacks left 76 people dead and 275 injured. At least six additional suicide bombings left 44 people dead and 67 injured.
Small arms attacks left 10 people dead and 11 injured, including members of the security forces shot during clashes with militants.
Indirect fire incidents (rockets, mortars and military artillery shelling) left 26 people dead and 33 injured.
At least 38 people were also reportedly murdered or publicly executed by various groups and found either abandoned in the streets or buried in hastily-dug graves.